Angler – person who fishes using a rod and line.
Wire line – any fishing line made from flexible metal. Wire line is only intended for freshwater fishing.
Lure – a broad type of artificial angling bait designed to mimic real prey animals and attract the attention of predatory fish.
Downrigger – a device used in fishing which places the lure at the desired depth.
Vertical jig, or speed jig – a long, slender piece of lead or metal that cuts through the water, mimicking an injured baitfish.
Trolling – a method of fishing where one or more fishing lines, baited with lures or bait fish, are drawn through the water.
Bottom feeders – a marine animal which lives on or near the bottom of a body of water, and may feed principally by scavenging. Examples include flatfish, cod, haddock, carp, and bream.
Forage fish, also called prey fish or bait fish – small fish preyed upon by others for food. Examples include herring, sardines, and anchovies.
Cisco – a salmon-like fish, in the US, often refers specifically to the lake herring (Coregonus artedi).